Peak Oil Demand: Political and Economic Consequences

By: Ryan McGuine and Sam Alhadeff In 1956, Shell geologist M. King Hubbert predicted that American oil production would peak in 1970 and decline from then on and that worldwide production would do the same sometime around 2000. This narrative, known as “peak oil supply,” predicted that as humans use increasing amounts of oil, existing…

Is Microfinance the Universal Poverty Reduction Tool?

By: Maggie Winding Microfinance and micro-loans have, since their conception, been hailed as a “miracle tool” for alleviating poverty in developing countries. Many, however, myself included, remain unconvinced that microfinance is necessarily the solution to resolving the vast disparity in economic achievement that many nations face. Therefore, as a deeper exploration of this topic, this article…

Guns and Oil: The Kingmakers of Venezuela

By: Derrick Gozal Much of recent news concerning Venezuela seems to focus on the increasing centralization of power around its president, Nicolas Maduro. There is a palpable sense that power is trickling down from the country’s democratic institutions to Maduro himself. Allegations of voter fraud on Maduro’s part after the ruling Socialist Party’s surprise victory…

Honduras, Unimagined: The Lencas, COPINH, and the Militarization of Development

Written By Samuel Ropa Rob Nixon, in Slow Violence and the Environmentalism of the Poor, remarks that: just as the production of national identity requires that actors visualize “imagined communities” to contextualize their own identity, the process of economic development relies extraordinarily upon “unimagined communities”—people and space existing outside the national consciousness.  Without voiceless, nameless…

Brazil and Argentina – A Tale of Two Countries

By: Evan Thomsen Brazil is the de facto leader in South America. It is the largest by land and population, the wealthiest by GDP, and most powerful politically in the region. But as of late, Brazil is declining and facing a resurgent Argentina. The region is facing a role reversal in the future. Brazil’s decline…